Or – “Hail To The Chief While He Takes Over The Country!”

I had a discussion once with my friend Bruce (aka Major Spoilers resident cartoonist Otter Disaster) after a particularly entertaining day haunting comic shops where we discussed “the thrill of the hunt,” that sensation you get when you find a particular comic book you’ve been looking for.  It might be simpler and easier to just order it from a mail-order catalogue or the intarwebz, but you don’t have the same personal connection to a particular book.  I bought this one off the shelf at a used book store in Tulsa, Oklahoma, along with the previous six or seven issues, since I knew that they comprised Steve Englehart’s Secret Empire story, and led to one of the oddest moments in Marvel history…  We are about to learn, as the man known as Number Six was known to ask, “Who is Number One?”

Scripter: Steve Englehart
Penciler: Sal Buscema
Inker: Vinnie Colletta
Colorist: Petra Goldberg
Letterer: Artie Simek
Editor: Roy Thomas
Publisher: Marvel Comics
Cover Price: 25 Cents
Current Near-Mint Pricing: $23.00

Previously, on Captain America:  The whole mess begins with an ad campaign against Captain America, spearheaded by the Committee to Regain America’s Principles (no anagrams here, folks, comics were supposed to be for kids in the 70’s) to undermine America’s belief in their star-spangled hero.  Once discontent was sown, the Secret Empire brought their secondary plan into play, creating their own hero, the man called Moonstone, to replace Cap as America’s hero.  They even go so far as to break Captain America out of prison, causing him and the Falcon to go on the run as fugitives from justice.  During their trek across the country, Falcon gets his flying rig from the Black Panther, and they plummet deeper and deeper into the hidden world of the Secret Empire. The Empire’s master plan involved the kidnapping of several mutants (including Havok, Polaris, and the original X-Men) to power some sort of massive flying saucer machine to… um…  do… something.  Breaking the X-Men free, Cap and the Falcon tried to create an uprising and overturn the Empire for good.

It did not go well…

Left for dead by the Empire, Cap is awakened by a mysterious masked man, quickly revealed to be the Empire’s #68 who shot him in the first place!  Luckily, the Empire ain’t all so much of a secret anymore, and 68 quickly pulls away his hood to reveal himself as Gabe Jones, agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. on a deep cover mission.  It was Gabe who set the blasty machine to it’s miraculously non-lethal setting and who gives them the intel that they need on the Empire’s evil plan, just in time for the hero to leap into action…  after dealing with Peggy Carter, who’s backstory is a convoluted mess.  Short version:  She loves Cap, he loves her sister Sharon.  And what about those poor mutants?

“TODAY WE CONQUER AMERICA!!!”  How twenty guys in a flying saucer will be able to do that isn’t really clear, so I expect that it’s some sort of Xanatos Gambit, where they expect to be defeated in their primary goal in order to be successful in their secondary.  They set off for Washington, where we find Moonstone (the original, who predates Karla Sofen of the Thunderbolts in the role, but is empowered by the same mysterious artifact and has basically the same powers) exiting a Congressional hearing that names him America’s #1 hero.  Because that would happen…  Anyway, the Empire arrives and uses their future weapons to engage the Army in battle, leading to Moonstone’s moment of heroic triumph!

“My helmet grants me the same abilities displayed by this ship!”  Can you vague that up a little more?  Number Two quickly defeats Moonstone in combat, and drags him into the ship, where the two congratulate themselves on a successful ruse.  Moonstone staggers out of the ship and urges the American people to surrender unconditionally to the Secret Empire, while Number One laughs at how successful his plan is.  Within the ship though, Cap and his pals (Falcon, Gabe, Peggy, Cyclops and Marvel Girl) break free of their bonds and shatter the ship’s power converter (which conveniently does NOT kill their friends and fellow mutants) and Captain America bum-rushes Numero Uno in a particularly painful-looking fashion…

Although massively outgunned, Captain America engages Moonstone in combat, giving him the full-scale smackdown with shield and fist, leaving “America’s New Hero” facedown in the dirt, and forces him to tell the truth on nationwide television.  Moonstone’s partner (the head of the ad agency that smeared Cap’s name) tries to pin the whole scheme on the hero, but Moonstone spills everything, and the whole world watches him do it.  Surely now everything will be fine, right?

WRONG!  Number One’s flight from justice somehow evades the Secret Service, and his path makes it clear that he is particularly familiar with the mess of corridors inside the White House.  It’s almost as if Number One is intimately familiar with the building, rushing as he does straight towards the Oval Office, shadowed closely by the red-white-and-blue gladiator known as Captain America  Their chase ends in the seat of American power, and Captain America takes a page from Scooby-Doo…

Looks like they won’t have Number One to kick around anymore…  Though they never actually show the face of the head of the Empire, there are a number of clues in the Secret Empire tale.  His “Sanitation Squad” of “plumbers” who start the whole mess in motion?  The references in the issue and throughout the arc to the Watergate scandal?  The battle-dog called Checkers?  (I may have made that last one up…)  Author Steve Englehart has stated outright that Number One was meant to be President Richard Nixon, which makes Captain America’s crisis of conscience understandable.  After all, the Commander-In-Chief turning out to be a masked villain and then killing himself right before Steve’s eyes?  That’ll stick with you.

In the next few issues, Steve Rogers gives up being Captain America and eventually creates the secondary identity of Nomad, Man Without A Country to try and deal with his disillusionment.  It’s all very 70’s, and by today’s standards awkward, but the story is still a quick and entertaining read.  It’s a little weird to see the X-Men in a very minor support role rather than as a sales device, but Sal Buscema’s art is dynamic and very evocative of the 1970’s.  This kind of book forms the bulk of my comic collection, not highly collectible, but fun and multi-layered, and a bit more complex than some late Silver and early Bronze Age titles, and even the worst Englehart title is a lot of fun to read.  Captain American #175 is the transition point between two key Captain America arcs, and does its job ably, delivering action, pathos and political intrigue and doing it all well, earning 4 out of 5 stars overall.

Rating: ★★★★☆

Faithful Spoilerite Question Of the Day:  What comics would you like to see on the Retro Review list?


About Author

Once upon a time, there was a young nerd from the Midwest, who loved Matter-Eater Lad and the McKenzie Brothers... If pop culture were a maze, Matthew would be the Minotaur at its center. Were it a mall, he'd be the Food Court. Were it a parking lot, he’d be the distant Cart Corral where the weird kids gather to smoke, but that’s not important right now... Matthew enjoys body surfing (so long as the bodies are fresh), writing in the third person, and dark-eyed women. Amongst his weaponry are such diverse elements as: Fear! Surprise! Ruthless efficiency! An almost fanatical devotion to pop culture! And a nice red uniform.


  1. Given that you’ve said it’s your favorite Legion era, I’d love to see you review one of the issues from the 5 Years Later Legion run.

    Otherwise…Marvel Team Up #44.

  2. It may sound like a weird choice, but having just reread the original comics code listings, I am surprised that the second issue of the original Amethyst maxi-series ever made it to print. I’d really like to hear your thoughts on it…

  3. Loved this one! Can you imagine how destroyed he must’ve felt being created in the forties and then see a ‘president’ do this? Cap wasn’t naive or just a blind soldier following orders but he always had faith in his government despite its flaws and to see it ‘blow up’ in his face like that. Awesome. And Sal Buscema was (still IS) the MAN!

  4. Uncanny X-men 137. Death of Phoenix. Wonder if I that comic could still be worth $2,500?
    Other suggestion: Tales of the Teen Titans Annual #3. The Judas Contract (conclusion). Terra dies and Perez shows you how!

  5. I’d like to see a retro review of Batman Family #1 from 1975. My aunt just bought me a copy and I haven’t read it yet, but it was on my mind and it’s old. Hey, I was going to suggest Clive Barker’s Hyperkind, or the 4-part Starriors series from the ’80s.

  6. I had this book plopped in front of me late June, early July in 1974 (titles always come out before their cover dates so they don’t get pulled too early).
    Kids, Nixon doesn’t resign until August 7, 1974. When this series begins, Watergate has just been a Washington Post story, nothing more.
    In any other country, this would be sedition. To show a sitting president commit suicide in the oval office because he was going to be caught in treasonous activities….this was mind blowing stuff. Comics did not do this sort of thing.
    And Marvel did. And earned my devotion. Comics can do some serious stuff. Worth your time to check it out.

    What’s funny to me is that this series has always been priced up because of the XMen appearance, not the historical events.

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